|The Dagestanian and Nakh languages
| The Nakh-Dagestanian languages consist of two branches: Nakh and Dagestanian. The Nach languages are presented by Chechen, Ingush, Batsbi, and Kisti. The numerous Dagestan languages are divided by linguists in the Avar-Andi, Didoic (Tsezian), Lezghian language groups, the Dargwa, and Lak languages. Obviously, the common parent of the Nakh-Dagestanian language was split on these six primary languages. The first graphic model was constructed for them and later the graphic models were constructed for the languages of the Avar-Andi, Tsezian, and Lezgjian groups. The graphic were constructed by using the data of
The International Etymological Database Project
|The graphic model of the Nakh-Dagestanian languages corresponds to the valley disposition in Dagestan Mountains. (See the map right).
|The map above shows the settlement areas of the speakers of the first primary Nakh-Dagestanian languages in Dagestan at the time of their forming and the ways of the migrations of the Dagestan population to new settlements nearby. Farther the Avar-Andi, Tsezian, and Lezgjian parent languages were split to new languages on new areas.
|The graphic models of the Avar-Andi, Tsezian, and Lezgjian languages.
The areas of the arising modern-day Dagestanian languages were found according to these models, they are shown on the map below. The borders between different language areas are formed by mountain ranges which hampered contacts of people populated river valleys.
| The map right can be compared with the map of the languages of East and Northeastern Caгcasus at the middle of the 20th century. (See below). State boundaries are marked with rot
| The Caucasian languages
The Kartvelian group
The Abkhazo- Adyghe group
The Nakh group
The Dagestan group
|The Indoeuropean languages
The Slavic group
The Armenian group
The Iranian group
The Greek group
The Germanic group
The Romanic group
|The Altaic languages
The Turkic group 34. Azerbaijani 35. Karachai 36. Balkarian 37. Kumyk 38. Nogai 39. Turkmen 40. Tataric 41. Kazakh
The Mongalian group 42. Kalmyk
The Semitic-Hamitic language 43. Aissor (New-East-Aramean)
The Uralic languages 44. Estonian 45. Mordvin