|GERMANIC TRIBES AMONG SARMATS
|Anglo-Saxons at Scythian Time
| The home lands of the Germanic and Iranian folks
at the Pre-Scythian time
|The place names of the Anglo-Saxon origin in the present-day Ukraine
|The short Scythian sword
| The Anglo-Saxons left some tracks in place names but this survey hasnТt chronological frames. For luck chronological distinct tracks of the Anglo-Saxons can be found at Herodotus.
Agathyrsians. According to Herodotus, Agathyrsos was the first HeraclesТ son and his name gave the origin of the tribe of Agathyrses. OE đyrs Дgiant, demon, sorcererФ suits well to the name as of a man as of a tribe. OE ege Уfear, horrorФ can suit to the first partial word.
Budinoi, exactly Wudinoi. This name is similar to Eng wooden. This word is not found in Old English but it could exist as OE widu, wudu Уtree, forestФ existed. Herodotus wrote about Budinoi so:
Above these, holding the next division of land, dwell the Budinoi, who occupy a land wholly overgrown with forest consisting of all kinds of trees . Their land is all thickly overgrown with forests of all kinds of trees, and in the thickest forest there is a large and deep lake, and round it marshy ground and reeds. Thus the word wooden suits to Budinoi good.
Iyrcai. This name can be explicated by OE earg Уtimid, timorousФ, iergan Уto fearФ.
Neuroi.Herodotus wrote about Neuroi so:
The Neuroi practise the Scythian customs: and one generation before the expedition of Dareios it so befell them that they were forced to quit their land altogether by reason of serpents: for their land produced serpents in vast numbers, and they fell upon them in still larger numbers from the desert country above their borders; until at last being hard pressed they left their own land and settled among the Budinoi. These men it would seem are wizards; for it is said of them by the Scythians and by the Hellenes who are settled in the Scythian land that once in every year each of the Neuroi becomes a wolf for a few days and then returns again to his original form. For my part I do not believe them when they say this, but they say it nevertheless, and swear it moreover.
Thus, the Neuroi were newcomers therefore their name could originate from OE neowe, niewe УnewФ.
Thyssagetai. The morpheme getai/ketai is present in some people names. Beside this, Thracian tribes and a north Germanic tribe Geats are known too. We can conjecture that this word means УpeopleФ. The most near on meaning is Chuv kĕtü Уherd, flock, crowdФ. If the OE đyssa Уa ruffianФ is present in this name, the Thissagetae can mean Уfurious peopleФ.
The names of some Scythian realities mentioned by Herodotus and other historians can be explained by means of old English too.
A type of short iron Scythian sword akinakes maybe was named by the Anglo-Saxons, as OE ǽces ДaxeФ and nǽcan Дto killФ suit good to the name of weapon.
The name of a great boneless fish antakaioimentioned by Herodotus is very enigmatic. The etymology of the word can be the same as Ger Hai УsharkФ. It is known that shark is also boneless fish.
The name of Scythian battle-axe sagaris can contain parts related to OE sacu "discord, war" and earh Уan arrowФ.
Scythian clothes according Hesykhios was named sakendakePerhaps, the second part of the word is akin to OE đeсcan "to cover" of the same root as Lat toga and tegere "to cover". The first part of the name can be translated as "Sakian" but also as "battle, military" (cf. OE sacu "discord, war").
|Right: Scythian comb from the kurgan of Solokha (Ukraine)